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Russellville is a city in and the county seat of Logan County, Kentucky, United States. The population is 6,947 at the 2010 census. It is named for General William Russell, a Revolutionary War soldier and frontier leader.
Between the arrival of first settlers circa 1790 and the town’s incorporation in 1798, Russellville was known variously as Cook’s Station, Logan Court House and Rogues’ Harbour. Settlers decided on the name Russellville to honor war hero General William Russell. It is the county seat of Logan County, one of Kentucky’s original counties. Several downtown homes have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
In 1862, during the Civil War, Confederate sympathizers met in the Russellville Convention and created a Confederate government for Kentucky. The state legislature had declared its neutrality and the state did not secede. The Southern sympathizers formed an alternate government after the state’s government had been taken over by Union supporters. This pro-Confederate government was recognized by the Confederacy, which admitted Kentucky to that nation and placed a star for Kentucky on the Confederate flag.
After the war, Kentucky struggled with insurrectionists, as did other states, as some veterans and former guerrillas were not ready for peace. A gang made up of Cole Younger, George Shepard, and Oliver Shepard (former Confederate guerrillas), along with John Jarrett and Arthur McCoy (former captains under Confederate General Jo Shelby), robbed the Southern Deposit Bank in Russellville on March 20, 1868. The brothers Frank and Jesse James, who later led their own gang, may have participated in peripheral roles.
Today a Russellville bank on the city square has a large mural depicting the robbery. A reenactment of the robbery (called a “play on horseback”) is performed annually during the Tobacco and Heritage Festival.
Russellville is located at 36°50′33″N 86°53′34″W (36.842601, −86.892661).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.6 square miles (27 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,149 people, 3,064 households, and 1,973 families residing in the city. The population density was 672.1 people per square mile (259.4/km²). There were 3,458 housing units at an average density of 325.1 per square mile (125.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.64% White, 18.62% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.58% of the population.
There were 3,064 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.84.
The age distribution was 23.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 82.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,647, and the median income for a family was $31,448. Males had a median income of $27,529 versus $20,032 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,654. About 17.1% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.0% of those under age 18 and 20.4% of those age 65 or over.